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Spoken Language:

We believe that providing children with rich spoken language opportunities allows them to develop their cognitive, linguistic and social skills. We strive to develop their vocabulary acquisition in all areas of learning to allow them to communicate their thoughts, feelings and opinions articulately.


We believe a love of reading can help all children to ‘Reach for the Stars.’ We strive to develop the children into lifelong readers by teaching them the fundamental skills to develop both their fluency and their understanding of a range of texts. We aim to inspire and develop their passion for reading by providing them with many opportunities to engage in rich and diverse reading for pleasure activities.  We believe that reading a variety of texts can help support the children to develop an understanding of the world around them, inspire them to ask questions and allow them to express their ideas, emotions and opinions.


Click the link below to find out more about phonics.



How is phonics taught?

At World’s End Infant and Nursery School we use Floppy’s Phonics systematic synthetic teaching programme. The children start their phonic journey in Nursery, where they are exposed to environmental sounds, music and rhyme. As the year progresses, they are slowly introduced to Stage 1 sounds (e.g. s,a,t,p,i,n) The children continue their Floppy’s Phonics journey into Reception and Key Stage 1 where they are taught the 44 phonemes (sounds) that are required for both reading and spelling. Children in Reception and Key Stage 1 have daily phonic lessons which follow the structure of revisit, teach, practise and apply.


Phonic terminology

  • Phoneme / sound – The smallest unit of sound in a word.
  • Grapheme – The letter used to represent the sound.
  • Digraph: Two letters that make one sound (e.g. th, ch, sh).
  • Trigraph: Three letters that make one sound (e.g. air, ear, igh).
  • Split digraph: A digraph that has been split by another letter (e.g. a-e as in bake, i-e as in kite, o-e as in bone).
  • Decode: Breaking a word down into sounds to be able to read it.
  • Blending: Reading a word by putting the sounds together. Blending is the opposite of segmenting.  
  • Segmenting: Spelling a word by saying the sounds in the word.  Segmenting is the opposite of blending.
  • Encoding: Breaking a word down into sounds to be able to spell it.


Oxford Owl and Floppy’s Phonics Extra Practice Zone

Each child receives a class login at the start of the year which allows them to access a range of online books at Oxford Owl and the Floppy’s Phonics Extra Practice Zone. Click on the link below for more information about how to use Floppy's Phonics Practice Zone.

What is the Year 1 Phonics Screening Check?

The Phonic Screening Check is a statutory assessment that takes place in Year to ensure children are making sufficient progress in their decoding and blending skills. The check consists of 40 words, which are a mixture of real words and pseudo words, which your child may refer to as alien words. If your child does not reach the expected standard in Year 1, they will receive some additional support and retake the Phonics Screening Check in Year 2.


Writing floats on a sea of talk, which is why at World’s End Infant School we draw upon spoken language opportunities to enable our children to become coherent confident writers. We also aim to inspire them to be creative by encouraging them to draw upon their reading experiences and use ambitious vocabulary in their writing.

English National Curriculum

Please click the links below to learn more about English at World's End Infant and Nursery School. The helping at home star contains more information about the teaching of reading and spellings. 

Photographs of our English curriculum